Make and entr for code validation during editing¶
For a while now, I’ve been wondering how to combine entr
(which automatically runs commands on file changes)
with the way I setup project validation (both for CI/CD and for local developer usage) with Makefiles.
The best thing I got so far is the
validate_continously target in
Here it is, with some annotations, and changes for the sake of clarity:
# so we're sure what shell we're using. SHELL:=/bin/bash # The below commands require setting up a virtualenv, # activating it, and running `poetry install` in it. # "validate" - The command that can be used by the developers # locally to check that the changes they're working on are fine # and can be commited. # This should also be used by in the CI. # That way both the developers and the automation are always doing # the same quality checks and won't disagree # (as long as the tooling environment is kept similar enough). # # As for the order of the operations: # pylint can find errors in the code that can cause multiple tests # to error out (which would produce a lot of pytest output), # so we run it first. If we ran "test" first and got many # test errors because of issues detectable by Pylint, # analyzing the cause might take longer than if we saw the Pylint # output (which we wouldn't get, since "make" normally stops # processing on the first error). validate: pylint test isort_check # "validate_continously" runs all checks from "validate" when a # Python file is changed, but it doesn't quit on errors # ("--keep-going" option), so we can see the output of all commands, # for maximum information about what's wrong with the code. # If the tests are failing we can see which ones. # # This command works great with my Tmux-based "IDE view". # It should also be fine for developers comfortable with having # a terminal window open, and with the text output of the quality # assurance tools like pytest, pylint, etc. validate_continously: fd '\.py$$' the_code/ tests/ | entr -c make --keep-going validate test: # Each section that'll be part of "validate" echoes a header, # so we can better see where the output of one command ends, # and the other begins. @echo ===Tests=== pytest -v tests pylint: @echo ===Pylint=== # Your tests are code, so lint them as well. pylint the_code/ tests/ isort_check: @echo ===Isort=== isort -c .
Pylint is a bit slow, which gives an annoying lag before starting the tests, but I want to keep this order, because it makes sense for running “validate” in CI.
My Tmux “IDE view” is started with this script, while in Tmux, if you’re interested.
And before anybody recommends black - I don’t like what does with my intentionally formatted code. And I don’t like the clutter (and the hassle) created by having to add formatting exclusion comments. Though I don’t condemn using it for your project if you have different preferences, of course :)
By the way, I have another post about
entr - Universal app reload with entr